Sunday, December 4, 2011
Answer on What role did Napoleon III and the Pope have in the unification of Italy?
However, following Napoleon's invasion the country was briefly united with four main controlling factions: Piedmont, the Kingdom of Italy, the Kingdom of Naples and the Papal States, all effectively controlled by Napoleon.
Following the fall of Napoleon the country returned to its former situation: numerous states each fighting for itself. The difference was however that in Europe as a whole there was a general surge of nationalistic spirit and in Italy there was the realisation amongst some that it had almost been acheived under Napoleon and was a real possiblity.
The Pope, meanwhile, didn't want unification as this would mean him losing the power he had.